Ho Chi Minh City

Total Area

2095.5 km2

Region

Southeast

Industrial Park

17

Active Enterprises

336353

Population

8,244,400 people (2014)

On-sale Properties

12

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Geography
Economy
Connection
Infrastructure
Government
Social - Culture
Total Area 2095.5km2
Agricultural Production Land 712 km2
Forestry Land 340 km2
Specially Used Land 335 km2
Residential Land 243 km2
Borders
  • Northern border province of Binh Duong
  • Northwest: Tay Ninh province
  • East and northeast provinces of Dong Nai, Ba Ria southeast - Vung Tau
  • West and Southwest provinces of Long An and Tien Giang.
Climate

Located in the tropical savanna, as well as some other southern provinces Ho Chi Minh City do not have four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter, high temperatures and rain throughout the year (dry season less rain).

In Ho Chi Minh City has 2 seasons is a variation of the summer rainy season - marked dry.

The rainy season starts from May to November (hot and humid climate, high temperatures and rainy), while the dry season from December to April next year (dry climate, high temperatures and low rainfall).

Average, Ho Chi Minh City with 160 to 270 hours of sunshine per month, average temperature 27 degrees Celsius, maximum up to 40 degrees Celsius, 13.8 degrees Celsius the lowest down.

Every year, the city has 330 days average temperature of 25 to 28 degrees Celsius. Average rainfall reaches 1,949 cities mm / year, which in 1908 reached 2.718 mm high, 1392 mm minimum down in 1958.

One year, the city has an average of 159 days of rain, most concentrated in the month from 5 to 11, accounting for about 90%, especially the two in June and 9. On the scope of the city space, unevenly distributed rainfall, tends to increase as the axis Southwest - Northeast.

Urban districts and the northern districts have higher rainfall areas remaining.

Natural Resources

Topography: HCM City belongs to a transitional region between the southeastern and Mekong Delta regions. The general topography is that HCM City terrain gets lower from north to south and from east to west. There are three types of terrain.

The high terrain lies in the northern-northeastern area and part of the northwestern area encompassing northern Cu Chi, northeastern Thu Duc and District 9. This is the bending terrain with average height of 10-25 meters. Long Binh Hill in District 9 is the highest at 32 meters.

The depression terrain lies in the southern-southwestern and southeastern part encompassing districts 9, 8, 7, Binh Chanh, Nha Be and Can Gio. The area's height is in the range of 0.5 to 2 meters.

The medium-height terrain lies in the middle of the city, encompassing most old residential areas, part of districts 2 and Thu Duc, and the whole of districts 12 and Hoc Mon. The area's height is 5-10 meters.

In general, the topography of HCM City is not complicated but fairly diverse and therefore has good conditions for multi-faceted development.

Geology And Soil: The soil of HCM City was formed upon two sediment classes: Pleixtoxen and Holoxen.

The Pleixtoxen sediment: This ancient alluvial sediment covers most of the northern, northwestern and northeastern parts of the city, encompassing Cu Chi, Hoc Mon, northern Binh Chanh and Thu Duc districts, north and northeastern District 9, and old inner-city areas.

Main characteristics of the sediment class are hilly terrain, with a depth range of three to 25 meters, and oscillation in the southeastern direction. Due to the combined effects of natural factors, including creatures, climate, time and human activities, and erosion and decomposition, the sediment class has developed into grey soil. Grey soil makes up 45,000 hectares or 23.4% of the city’s total soil area.

In the city, there are three types of grey soil: highlands grey soil with some impoverished places, grey soil with red and yellow-speckled layers, and gley grey soil. Soils of the two first types make up most of the total area. In general, the main mechanical constituents of grey soil are sandy soil mixed with heavy soil. The grey soil therefore has a poor water-containing ability. The underground water levels change from place to place and from season to season with a range of one to 15 meters. This is acid soil, as it has a pH of around 4.0 to 5.0.

The grey soil is of low fertility but has thick layers which are suitable for growing agricultural and forestry trees with high yielding and economic efficiency if rotational and intensive cultivation is implemented properly. Also, the foundation of grey soil is appropriate for infrastructure constructions.

GDP Growth Rate

9.8%

Population

8,244,400 people (2014)

Population Density

3,888 person/km2 (2015)

Population By Sex

92.3 males per 100 females (2015)

8.80% (2015)

Immigration Rate

6.00% (2015)

Labor Force

5,810,565 people (2014)

Labor Force At 15 Years Of Age And Above

50.70% (2015)

Major Industries
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Auto mechanics
  • Flowing form molding technology, furan resin technology
  • Chemical industry
  • Fine food processing, food
Annual Average Capital Of Enterprises

5,025,402 billion dongs (2014)

Net Turnover

3,172,073 billion dongs (2014)

Profit Before Taxes

113,936 billion dongs (2014)

Profit Ratio

3.51% (2014)

PCI

61.36 (2015) - Rank: 6

Industrial Park Listing
An Ha Industrial Park

Total Area: 159.06m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Binh Chanh, Ho Chi Minh City

Cat Lai II Industrial Park

Total Area: 136.95m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: District 2, Ho Chi Minh City

Dong Nam Industrial Park

Total Area: 342.53m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: District 08, Ho Chi Minh City

Hiep Phuoc Industrial Park

Total Area: 908.4m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Nha Be District, Ho Chi Minh City

Le Minh Xuan Industrial Park

Total Area: 100m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Tan Binh District, Ho Chi Minh City

Tan Binh Industrial Park

Total Area: 128.7m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Tan Binh District, Ho Chi Minh City

Tan Phu Trung Industrial Park

Total Area: 542.64m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Cu Chi District, Ho Chi Minh City

Tan Tao Industrial Park

Total Area: 343.9m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Binh Tan District, Ho Chi Minh City

Tan Thoi Hiep Industrial Park

Total Area: 28.41m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: District 12, Ho Chi Minh City

Tay Bac Cu Chi Industrial Park

Total Area: 208m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Cu Chi District, Ho Chi Minh City

On-sale Properties View all
68 - 83 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

50 - 400m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
33 - 47 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

46 - 130 m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
12⁺ million/ month

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

57 - 94 m²

Location

Quận 7, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
35 - 38 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

50 - 120 m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
4⁺ billion

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

58 - 115 m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
1.95⁺ billion

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

56 - 114 m²

Location

Quận 4, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
2.7⁺ tỷ

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

50 - 132 m²

Location

Quận 4, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
45 - 55 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

55 - 108 m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
2.25⁺ billion

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

46 - 174 m²

Location

Bình Thạnh, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
50 - 59 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

58 - 350 m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
38 - 40 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

48 - 92 m²

Location

Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
23.9 - 25 million/m²

Type

Residential & Mix Development

Area

53 - 300 m²

Location

Quận 9, Hồ Chí Minh

Purpose

For Sale
Companies in Ho Chi Minh City View all

Category:

Address:

Street No.6

Category:

Address:

56 Road 7 , Phu My Ward

Category:

Address:

1 Nguyen Truong - Binh Tho Ward

Category:

Address:

Song Than 1 Industrial Park, No 12C, Street 9

Category:

Media and Communications

Address:

5D6 Apartment Building 304 Dien Bien Phu st., 25 ward.

Category:

Energy

Address:

400/2 Tan Phu st., Phu My Hung, Tan Phu ward.

Category:

Address:

Lot 46A,Binh Chieu ward

Category:

Banking, Finance and Investment, Insurance

Address:

Floor 32, No. 9-11 Ton Duc Thang Street, Ben Nghe Ward

Category:

Advisory

Address:

8th Floor, Lawrence S. Ting Building, 801 Nguyen Van Linh, Tan Phong Ward

Category:

Services

Address:

1st Floor, 80 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street

Category:

Machine

Address:

328 Cao Thang Noi Dai,12 Ward

Category:

Address:

S58-1, Quarter Sky Garden 2, Pham Van Nghi, Beijing, Tan Phong Ward

Transportation

Air: The city is served by Tan Son Nhat International Airport, the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of passengers handled (with an estimated number of over 15.5 million passengers per year in 2010, accounting for more than half of Vietnam's air passenger traffic). Long Thanh International Airport is scheduled to begin operating in 2025. Based in Long Thanh District, Dong Nai Province, about 40 km (25 mi) north-east of Ho Chi Minh City, Long Thanh Airport will serve international flights, with a maximum traffic capacity of 100 million passengers per year when fully completed; Tan Son Nhat Airport will serve domestic flights.

Rail: Ho Chi Minh City is also a terminal for many Vietnam Railways train routes in the country. The Reunification Express runs from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi from Saigon Railway Station in District 3, with stops at cities and provinces along the line. Within the city, the two main stations are Song Than and Sai Gon. In addition, there are several smaller stations such as Di An, Thu Duc, Binh Trieu, Go Vap. However, rail transport is not fully developed and presently comprises only 0.6% of passenger traffic and 6% of goods shipments.

Water: The city's location on the Saigon River makes it a bustling commercial and passenger port; besides a constant stream of cargo ships, passenger boats operate regularly between Ho Chi Minh City and various destinations in Southern Vietnam and Cambodia, including Vung Tau, Can Tho and the Mekong Delta, and Phnom Penh. Traffic between Ho Chi Minh City and Vietnam's southern provinces has steadily increased over the years; the Doi and Te Canals, the main routes to the Mekong Delta, receive 100,000 waterway vehicles every year, representing around 13 million tons of cargo. A project to dredge these routes has been approved to facilitate transport, to be implemented in 2011–14.

Coach bus: Ho Chi Minh City has a number of coach houses, which house coach buses to and from other areas in Vietnam. The largest coach station – in terms of passengers handled – is the Mien Dong Coach Station in the Bình Thạnh District.

Telecommunications

The city's media is the most developed in the country. At present, there are seven daily newspapers: Sai Gon Giai Phong (Liberated Saigon), and its Vietnamese, investment and finance, sports, evening and weekly editions; Tuổi Trẻ (Youth), the highest circulation newspaper in Vietnam; Thanh Nien (Young Men), the second largest circulation in the south of Vietnam; Nguoi Lao Dong (Labourer); The Thao (Sports); Phap Luat (Law) and the Saigon Times Daily, the English-language newspaper as well as more than 30 other newspapers and magazines. The city has hundreds of printing and publishing houses, many bookstores and a widespread network of public and school libraries; the city's General Library houses over 1.5 mìllion books. Locally based Ho Chi Minh City Television (HTV) is the second largest television network in the nation, just behind the national Vietnam Television (VTV), broadcasting 24/7 on 7 different channels (using analog and digital technology). Many major international TV channels are provided through two cable networks (SCTV and HTVC), with over one million subscribers. The Voice of Ho Chi Minh City is the largest radio station in southern Vietnam.

Internet coverage, especially through ADSL connections, is rapidly expanding, with over 2,200,000 subscribers and around 5.5 million frequent users. Internet service providers (ISPs) operating in Ho Chi Minh City include the Vietnam Data Communication Company (VDC), Corporation for Finance and Promoting Technology (FPT), Netnam Company, Saigon Post and Telecommunications Services Corporation (Saigon Postel Corporation, SPT) and Viettel Company. As in all of Vietnam, Internet access is regulated; websites containing sensitive political or religious content are routinely blocked,[63] and certain websites have been blocked, though government officials deny that this is intentional. The city has more than two million fixed telephones and about fifteen million cellular phones (the latter growing annually by 20%). Mobile phone service is provided by a number of companies, including Viettel Mobile, MobiFone, VinaPhone, and S-Fone.

People's Council

86 Le Thanh Ton Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.

People's Committee

86 Le Thanh Ton Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.

Relevant Government Departments
  • Department of Industry and Trade
  • Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism
  • Department of Natural Resources and Environment
  • Department of Transport
  • Department of Education and Training
  • Department of Planning and Investment
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Department of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs
  • Department of Foreign Affairs
  • Department of Agriculture and Rural Development
  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Justice
  • Department of Construction
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Interior
  • Department of Zoning and Architecture
  • Department of Information and Communication
  • HCM City Investment and Trade Promotion Center
  • HCM City Police
  • HCM City Customs Bureau
  • HCM City Tax Bureau     
  • HCM City Statistics Bureau
  • HCM City Department of Fire Brigade
Province Ho Chi Minh City
Headquarter of People's Committee 86 Le Thanh Ton Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.
Official Provincial (or City) Website www.hochiminhcity.gov.vn
Ethnic Kinh, Hoa, Khơme , Chăm…
Language Vietnamese
Education

Notable high schools in Ho Chi Minh City include Lê Hồng Phong High School for the Gifted, Phổ Thông Năng Khiếu High School for the Gifted, Trần Đại Nghĩa High School for the Gifted, Nguyễn Thượng Hiền High School, Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai High School, and Gia Định High School, Lê Quý Đôn High School, among others. Though the former schools are all public, private education is also available in Ho Chi Minh City. High school consists of grade 10–12 (sophomore, junior, and senior).

Higher education in Ho Chi Minh City is a burgeoning industry; the city boasts over 80 universities and colleges with a total of over 400,000 students. Notable universities include Vietnam National University with 50,000 students distributed among six schools; The University of Technology (Vietnamese: Đại học Bách khoa, formerly Phú Thọ National Center of Technology); The University of Sciences (formerly Saigon College of Sciences); The University of Social Sciences and Humanities (formerly Saigon College of Letters); The International University; The University of Economics and Law; and the newly established University of Information Technology.

RMIT South Campus

The headquarters of the National University is in Linh Trung ward, Thu Duc University Village

Some other important higher education establishments include HCMC University of Pedagogy, University of Economics, University of Architecture, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Nong Lam University (formerly University of Agriculture and Forestry), University of Law, University of Technical Education, University of Banking, University of Industry, Open University, University of Sports and Physical Education, University of Fine Arts, University of Culture, the Conservatory of Music, the Saigon Institute of Technology, Văn Lang University, Saigon University and Hoa Sen University.

In addition to the above public universities, Ho Chi Minh City is also home to several private universities. One of the most notable is RMIT International University, Vietnam, a campus of Australian public research RMIT University with an enrollment of about 6,000 students. Tuition at RMIT is about 40,000 USD for an entire course of study. Other private universities include The International School of Business (Vietnam) (or ISB), an English-language university run as a partnership with universities abroad, including the University of Western Sydney and UQAM, Montreal. The Saigon International University (or SIU) is another private university run by the Group of Asian International Education. Enrollment at SIU averages about 12,000 students Depending on the type of program, tuition at SIU costs between 5,000 and 6,000 USD per year.

Science And Technology

In 2005, the health sector continue to invest in infrastructure, medical equipment to increase the capacity of modern medical care (radiotherapy acceleration zone of the Oncology Hospital, High Technology Zone of Binh Dan Hospital , etc ..). Rose 770 inpatient beds for medical institutions (of which: 515 beds investment by the State, 265 bed facilities by non-public investment). Many medical devices are included in the high-tech treatments to improve the quality of medical care. Has made technical organ transplant (liver transplant). Develop diagnostic treatment programs remotely with other provinces. Along with the increase in the number of hospitals and hospital beds, medical staff has also increased rapidly in both quality and quantity.

The health care program community continue to perform; Working for free medical care for children under 6 years of age, disease prevention powerful deployed, dengue decreased 50%; typhoid decreased 59%; 1,591 people with rubella have focused in Cu Chi, have been controlled.

Organizations implementing drastic and comprehensive emergency plans in the country and the city of avian flu and pandemic flu to infect humans. Translation mosquitoes in Binh Thanh District has been controlled.

Thus over 31 years to build and develop the city has constantly striven modernize facilities - technical as well as training and raising the level of medical staff and has achieved significant achievements in the work of healthcare, disease prevention and care for people's health, most notably infertility treatment and umbilical cord blood transplantation for cancer treatment. The crowning achievement was confirmed on the role of an increasingly important medical centers of the country most big city.

Fine Arts

Ho Chi Minh City is the second largest art city in Vietnam. Due to its history, the artworks were inspired by both Western and Eastern styles.

Famous Art locations in Ho Chi Minh City:

  • Ho Chi Minh City Museum of Fine Arts
  • Art galleries in Nam Ky Khoi Nghia street, Tran Phu street, Bui Vien street...

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