Ha Noi Capital

Total Area

3324.5 km2


Red River Delta

Industrial Park


Active Enterprises



7,588,150 people (2015)

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Social - Culture
Total Area 3324.5km2
Agricultural Production Land 1507 km2
Forestry Land 243 km2
Specially Used Land 705 km2
Residential Land 365 km2
  • Provinces of Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc to the north,
  • Provinces of Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Hung Yen to the east,
  • Provinces of Ha Nam, Hoa Binh to the south,
  • And provinces of Hoa Binh, Phu Tho to the west.

Ha Noi lies on a tropical monsoon region; summer is hot and rainy, and winter is cold. There are 4 seasons: spring (from January to April), summer (from May to August), autumn (from September to December), and winter (from December to January of the following year). Average annual temperature is 23.6%. Average annual humidity is 79% and average annual rainfall is 1,245 mm.

Natural Resources

Forest resources:

Ha Noi has 23,510 ha of forest land (former Hanoi: 6,740ha and former Hatay: 16,770 ha), which makes up 6.9% of its natural area, of which 3,922ha is natural forest and 19,568ha is planted forest. Its natural preserves are composed of Ba Vi National Park, Chua Huong Natural Forest (My Duc District).

Forest in Ha Noi is a vital resource for keeping the ecological environment balance and preventing hill land from eroding. In addition, forest creates landscapes for tourist activities and resort buildup.

Mineral resources: A wide variety of minerals is discovered in Ha Noi and its neighboring areas. Solid minerals of coal, brown coal, peat   discovered at 51 mines and ore points, in which there are  2 medium-sized mines and  18 small-sized mines, at total deposit of 200 million tons plus which is mainly coal (some 190 million tons) distributed in 2 directions of western and eastern Ha Noi. Black metal at deposit of 393.7 million tons is distributed at north-north- west Ha Noi. Color metals comprise 42 mines and ore points of copper, lead, and zinc with a low deposit. Precious metals are only gold which is discovered in Ha Noi and its neighboring areas. To date there have been 20 gold mines and points found, 4 mines of which have deposit of under 1 million tons (Trai Cau, Hon Khe, Na Luong, and Cho Ben). As for construction material minerals, limestone and other kinds of stone make up one fifth of Ha Noi and its neighboring areas. The remaining area is filled with clay, sand, pebbles, and gravel. Limestone has the deposit of some 4 billion tons, marble is about 80 million tons; 85 clay mines of some 4 billion tons most of which is clay for brick and title, the rest is fireproof clay, and clay for ceramics and pottery. Kinds of broken rock such as pebbles, gravels, sand, and laterite... have a big deposit and are used for construction and industrial production.

Tourist-culture resources:

Factors of topography, geography, climate, plants and trees growing all year round, making it possible to build up "a clean, beautiful and green city", hereby attracting visitors nationwide and worldwide. Furthermore, Ha Noi is endowed with rivers (Red, Duong, and Day), lakes (Tay, Dam Van, Linh Dam, Quan Son, Dam Long Lakes), and streams (Hai, Nga Ngoc Streams), luring a great number of tourists.

Spending thousands of years on development, Ha Noi has been a big cultural center for the nation. Its excellent cultural heritage is composed of One-Pil-lared Pagoda, Quoc Tu Giam Literature Temple, HoChi Minh's mausoleum, Huong Son, Ba Vi... Festivals in Ha Noi are rich, diversified, and national highlighted. Some typical popular festivals are Co Loa, Giong, Hai Ba Trung, Dong Da, Chu Dong Tu, Huong Pogoda, one of the greatest and longest festivals in northern Vietnam.

Residents and their customs strongly characterize Trang An people that are rich in elegance, hospitability, and unique from drinking-eating culture. Mingled with modern architecture, Ha Noi still saves ancient citadels, ancient streets, and ancient communes with diversified and excellent architecture of an old-age culture capital.

GDP Growth Rate



7,588,150 people (2015)

Population Density

2,171 person/km2 (2015)

Population By Sex

95.6 males per 100 females (2015)

9.10% (2015)

Immigration Rate


Labor Force At 15 Years Of Age And Above

51.90% (2015)

Unemployment Rate


Major Industries

Key industries of Hanoi, including:


Processing of agricultural products and foodstuffs;


Mechanical engineering;Electronics,


Information technology.

Annual Average Capital Of Enterprises

4804,634 billion dongs ( 2014)

Net Turnover

2451,003 billion dongs (2014)

Profit Before Taxes

100,331 billion dongs (2014)

Profit Ratio

4.00% (2014)


59 (2015) - Rank: 24

Industrial Park Listing
Hanoi Software Park

Total Area: 80m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Phuc Loi, Long Bien, Ha Noi

Hoa Lac Hi-tech Park

Total Area: 1082.7m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Hoa Lac Hi-Tech Park, Thach That, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Hanoi Information and Technology Park

Total Area: 43.45m2

Occupancy Rate: 36.74%

Address: Long Bien, Long Bien, Hanoi, Vietnam

Hanoi Hi-biotech Park

Total Area: 700m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

South Hanoi Supporting Industrial Park (HANSSIP)

Total Area: 640m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Hanssip, Phu Xuyen, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

Soc Son Clean Industrial Park

Total Area: 300m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

Quang Minh II Industrial Zone

Total Area: 344m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Quang Minh Industrial Zone, Vo Van Kiet, Quang Minh, Me Linh, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Phung Hiep Industrial Park

Total Area: 401.06m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Ha Dong, Ha Noi, Vietnam

North Thuong Tin Industrial Park

Total Area: 112m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Thuong Tin, Hanoi

Quang Minh I Industrial Park

Total Area: 344.4m2

Occupancy Rate: 0%

Address: Me Linh, Hanoi

Companies in Ha Noi Capital View all



No. 314, Group 13, Thai Ha Street, Trung Liet Ward, Dong Da District, Hanoi



No. 304 Xa Dan, Phuong Lien Ward, Dong Da District, Hanoi



Thôn gia thuỵ,, Gia Lâm District, Hà Nội



No. 91, Group 3, Thanh Cong, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi



P501 building 4F, Trung Yen urban area, P. Yen Hoa,, Cau Giay District, Hanoi



No. 101, B7 TT Dong Xa, Ward Mai Dich, Cau Giay District, Hanoi



No. 7, Lane 38/28 Phuc Xa, Phuc Xa Ward, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi



Number of house 26 Lane 44, Do Quang street, Trung Hoa Ward, Cau Giay District, Hanoi



72 Chua Boc Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi



No. 36, Duong Duong Ham Ham, Ward Quan Hoa, Cau Giay District, Hanoi



P1212 house CT3B in Bac Linh Dam extension, P.Ho Liet,, Hoang Mai District, Hanoi



Quang Trung Village, Duong Quang Commune, Gia Lam District, Hanoi


In addition to Noi Bai International Airport which is some 35km from the heart of the city, Hanoi houses Gia Lam Airport in the east, Long Bien district. Gia Lam was Hanoi’s main airport in 1970s, but now, it only served helicopters and tourism services. Hanoi is the transport center of five domestic railways and one to Beijing, China, and many European countries. The stations of Gia Lam, Luong Yen, Nuoc Ngam and My Dinh and the southern one are the place to serve inter-province coaches running along National Highway 1A from the north to the south, National Highway 2 to Vinh Phuc, Phu Tho, Tuyen Quang and Ha Giang and National Highway 3 to Thai Nguyen and Cao Bang, National Highway 5A to Haiphong and Quang Ninh, National Highway 6 to Hoa Binh, Son La and Lai Chau and National Highway 32 to Son Tay Phu Tho. Regarding waterway transport, Hanoi also has many important ports like Pha Den for ships to Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh and Viet Tri and Ham Tu Quan to serve ships to Pha Lai.

In the inner city, streets of Hanoi are often crowded. Urban infrastructure system is in bad condition due to big flow of means of transport, particularly motorbike and recently cars. Particularly, local people’s awareness of traffic participants remains limited. In recent years, Hanoi only expanded between 5 and ten kilometers of road each year on average. Many local roads are unscientifically designed and non-synchronously, and traffic light system in several places are not really suitable. Moreover, the inundation after heavy rain causes difficulties for traffic participants. In the 2000s, the city has focused on developing the bus network, the most popular public mean of transport, but most of people still like personal vehicles, especially motorbikes.

Under the city’s transport plan approved in 2008 by the prime minister, the city will spend VND100 trillion for road development. Three belt roads and 30 main axis roads will be built and upgraded.


Ha Noi is the biggest communications center in the country. Its communications network satisfies swift communication information demand nation wide and worldwide.

People's Council

79 Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hanoi.

People's Committee

185 Giang Vo Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi.

Relevant Government Departments
  • Department of Industry and Trade 
  • Department of Transport 
  • Department of Education and Training
  • Department of Planning and Investment
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Department of Labour, War Invalids and Social Affairs
  • Department of Home Affairs  
  • Department of Foreign Affairs
  • Department of Agriculture and Rural Development
  • Department of Architecture planning
  • Department of Finance  
  • Department of Natural Resources and Environment
  • Department of Justice
  • Department of Information and Communications
  • Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism
  • Department of Construction
  • Department of Health
Province Ha Noi Capital
Headquarter of People's Committee 185 Giang Vo Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi.
Official Provincial (or City) Website www.hanoi.gov.vn
Ethnic Kinh, Dao, Muong, Tay,...
Language Vietnamese

Hanoi, as the capital of French Indochina, was home to the first Western-style universities in Indochina, including: Indochina Medical College (1902) - now Hanoi Medical University, Indochina University (1904) - now Hanoi National University (the largest), and École Supérieure des Beaux-Arts de l'Indochine (1925) - now Hanoi University of Fine Art.

After the Communist Party took control over Hanoi in 1954 with support from the Soviet Union, many new universities were built, among them, Hanoi University of Technology, still the largest technical university in Vietnam. Recently ULIS (University of Languages and International Studies) was rated as one of the top universities in south-east Asia for languages and language studies at the undergraduate level. Other universities that are not part of Vietnam National University or Hanoi University include Hanoi School for Public Health and Hanoi School of Agriculture.

Hanoi is the largest center of education in Vietnam. It is estimated that 62% of the scientists in the whole country are living and working in Hanoi. Admissions to undergraduate study are through entrance examinations, which are conducted annually and open for everyone (who has successfully completed his/her secondary education) in the country. The majority of universities in Hanoi are public, although in recent years a number of private universities have begun operation. Thăng Long University, founded in 1988, by some Vietnamese mathematics professors in Hanoi and France is the first private university in Vietnam. Because many of Vietnam's major universities are located in Hanoi, students from other provinces (especially in the northern part of the country) wishing to enter university often travel to Hanoi for the annual entrance examination. Such events usually take place in June and July, during which a large number of students and their families converge on the city for several weeks around this intense examination period. In recent years, these entrance exams have been centrally coordinated by the Ministry of Education, but passing marks are decided independently by each university.

Although there are state owned kindergartens, there are also many private ventures that serve both local and international needs. Pre-tertiary (elementary and secondary) schools in Hanoi are generally state run, but there are also some independent schools. Education is equivalent to the K–12 system in the U.S., with elementary school between grades 1 and 5, middle school (or junior high) between grades 6 and 9, and high school from grades 10 to 12.

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